Swine influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza in pigs. Swine flu viruses cause high levels of illness and low death rates in pigs. Swine influenza viruses may circulate among swine throughout the year, but most outbreaks occur during the late fall and winter months similar to outbreaks in humans. The classical swine flu virus (an influenza type A H1N1 virus) was first isolated from a pig in 1930.
Swine flu, also known as the H1N1 virus, made headlines in 2009 when it was declared a pandemic. Pandemics are contagious diseases affecting people throughout the world or on multiple continents at the same time. H1N1 has already been seen in 74 countries across the globe.
H1N1 is highly contagious, allowing it to spread quickly from person to person. A simple sneeze may cause thousands of germs to spread through the air. The virus can linger on tables and surface areas like door knobs, waiting to be picked up.
Most commonly, swine flu is of the H1N1 influenza subtype. However, they can sometimes come from the other types, such as H1N2, H3N1, and H3N2.
The current outbreak of swine flu that has infected humans is of the H1N1 type – this type is not as dangerous as some others. It can be control and prevent with some precautions.
The symptoms of swine flu are very much like those of regular influenza. They include:
- High Temperature
- Sore throat
- Blocked Nasal Massage
Like seasonal flu, swine flu can lead to more serious complications, including pneumonia and respiratory failure. And it can make conditions like diabetes or asthma worse. If you have symptoms like shortness of breath, severe vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, or confusion, call your doctor .
How does it affect people?
Young children, pregnant women, and older adults are more likely to develop complications. Swine flu can lead to more serious complications, including pneumonia and respiratory failure. And it can make conditions like diabetes or asthma worse. It can also lead to neurological conditions ranging from confusion to seizures.
How do you know it’s swine flu?
It’s hard to tell whether you have swine flu or seasonal flu, because most symptoms are the same. People with swine flu may be more likely to feel nauseous and throw up than people who have seasonal flu. But a lab test is the only way to know for sure. Even a rapid flu test you can get in your doctor’s office won’t tell you for sure.
Natural Treatments to Swine Flu
- Do not share food, glasses or forks and avoid sudden change in temperature
- Cover your nose and mouth with cloth or mask.
- Inhale steam made from basil leaves added water .this is particularly helpful in relieving lung congestion.
- Stay away from people showing symptoms of flu like nasal congestion, fever etc.
- Keep kitchen and bathroom disinfected with bleach. Disinfect toys, phone, door knobs and any contact surface with alcohol. Frequently wash hands using disinfectants and hand wash.
- Mix 1 tablespoon of honey to half tablespoon of cinnamon powder for relief from nasal congestion,sore throat and other cold-related symptoms of swine flu.
- Eating fresh fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin A and C, (papaya, carrot, orange, lemon and pineapple) are the best natural remedies for swine flu.
- Indian herbs like neem ,ginger and pepper in ayurvedic compositions.
- Take a glass of hot milk and add small measure of turmeric (haldi).
- Black elderberry has been found to be very promising in treating swine flue diseases.
- Do exercise daily like breathing exercise, and walk to keep lungs active.
- Chew fresh garlic cloves.it is agood antiviral herbal remedy.
- Aloe Vera: take a teaspoon of Aloe-Vera to boost your immunity.